THÉRIOT, Jean, came from France, according to three depositions: one from Marie-Josephe Dupuis, widow of his great-grandson Pierre Th?riot (Doc. ind., Vol. III, p. 127), and two others from the second husbands of the widows of that same Pierre's brothers Cyprien (ibid., Vol. II, p. 181) and Simon-Joseph (ibid., p. 193). None of these depositions mentions Jean Thériot's wife Perrine Rau, who is only known to Acadian genealogy through her appearance in the 1671 census (see DGFA-1, pp. 1483-1484).
Jean Thériot est le père de Jeanne Thériault, épouse de Pierre Thibodeau, notre RIN: 1258.
Jean Thériot (abt. 1601 - bef. 1686)
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Jean Thériot aka Theriault, Terrio, Terriau
Born about 1601 in Francemap
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
Husband of Perrine Rau — married about 1636 [location unknown]
Father of Claude Thériot, Jean Thériot II, Bonaventure Thériot, Jeanne Thériot, Germain Thériot, Catherine Thériot and Pierre Thériot
Died before 1686 in Port-Royal, Acadiemap
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Profile last modified 2 Feb 2019 | Created 26 Jun 2013
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The Acadian flag.
Jean Thériot is an Acadian.
Join: Acadians Project
Flag of France
Jean Thériot migrated from France to Acadia.
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(English version below)
Jean Thériot, orignaire de France, est né vers 1601.
La date de mariage du 9 mai 1635 à Martaizé, département Vienne, qu'on retrouve parfois sur Internet est inventée et fictive. Les registres de la paroisse Martaizé manquent entre 1631 et 1649
Vers 1636 Jean épousa Perrine Rau. Entre vers 1637 et 1654 le couple a eu sept enfants: Claude, Jean, Bonaventure (dit Venture), Jeanne, Germain, Catherine, et Pierre.
Jean est décédé avant le recensement de 1686.
(version française ci-dessus)
Jean Thériot, originally from France, was born about 1601.
Jean is a pioneer of Acadia. Around 1636 he married Perrine Rau. Between about 1637 and 1654 the couple had seven children: Claude, Jean, Bonaventure (dit Venture), Jeanne, Germain, Catherine, and Pierre.
The family arrived in Acadia prior to 1650.
Around the time of their son Pierre's birth (1654), Port-Royal was captured by Robert Sedgwick, who led 300 British soldiers and volunteers.
"The [French] soldiers at Port-Royal, who numbered about 130 … put up a brief defence against Sedgwick. Setting up an ambush between the landing site of the English troops and the fort, the Frenchmen fired on the attackers but proved no match for the experienced Roundheads. The French soon "took their heels to ye Fort." On August 16 the fort surrendered... Sedgwick granted honourable terms, allowing the defenders to march out of the fort with flags flying, drums beating, and muskets at the ready. The soldiers and employees working at the fort were offered transportation back to France and given enough pelts to cover their wages."
Although the commander of Port Royal left for France, most Acadians, including the Thériots remained in Acadia. They were permitted to retain their land and belongings and were guaranteed religious freedom. Dunn describes life in Acadia during the 16 years of nominal British rule:
"During the years of British rule, most of the Port-Royal population moved upriver away from the town. Using the agricultural practices initiated under D'Aulnay, the Acadians dyked and cultivated extensive salt marshes along the river and raised livestock. Through necessity, residents had reached an accommodation with New England traders who had become their sole source for the goods that they could not produce themselves... New England traders exchanged their goods for Acadian produce and furs... There were seventy to eighty families in the Port Royal area in 1665."
In 1671, Acadia had been ceded to the French. 70 year old Jean and 60 year old Perrine were living on a farm with 5 arpents of cultivated land, 6 cattle, and 1 sheep. Most of their children were married, except for Pierre 16.
It is not clear where the family homestead was located. A 1707 map (after Jean's death) shows son Claude living upriver from the fort near the Bellisle marshes. Son Bonaventure was living closer to the fort downriver.
Jean died before the 1686 Census at Port-Royal. See also Find a Grave Memorial: Jean Terriau The memorial actually has two death dates for him: 1686 and between the census of 1671 and census 1678. The memorial states he is buried at the old Garrison Cemetery, located on the grounds of Fort Anne National Historic site in Annapolis Royal Nova Scotia.
c1601 birth, in France
1632 Treaty Saint-Germain-en-Laye cedes Acadia to France; Razilly brings ~300 elite men
1636 Arrival of the first French families to settle permanently
c1636 marriage to Perrine Rau
c1637 birth, son Claude
c1639 birth, son Jean
c1641 birth, son Bonaventure
c1643 birth, daughter Jeanne
c1646 birth, son Germain
b1650 arrival, Acadia
c1650 birth, daughter Catherine
c1654 birth, son Pierre
1654 British capture Port-Royal; French settlement ceases
1667-70 Treaty of Breda cedes Acadia to the French; settlement resumes
c1671 residence, in Port-Royal
b1686 death, in Port-Royal
? 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Arsenault, Bona. Histoire Et Généalogie Des Acadiens. Québec: Le Conseil De La Vie Française En Amerique, 1965. Print.
? 2.0 2.1 RACINES ACADIENNES: JEAN THÉRIOT ET PERRINE RAU
? 3.0 3.1 Based on his age in the 1671 Census
? 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 White, Stephen A., Patrice Gallant, and Hector-J Hébert. Dictionnaire Généalogique Des Familles Acadiennes. Moncton, N.-B.: Centre D'études Acadiennes, Université De Moncton, 1999, Print, p1483-1484; 1486 (son Claude attested in 1687 in favour of d'Aulnay, and therefore family was in Acadia prior to d'Aulnay's death in 1650. Note Claude was about 13 at the time of d'Aulnay's death.
? 5.0 5.1 Massignon, Geneviève. "Les parlers français d'Acadie, enquête linguistique", Librairie Klincksieck, Paris, 1962, 2 tomes, p 32 (arrival of First French families in Acadia); p49 (Theriault family; alliance with Dupuis family in France; link to d'Aulnay estates in France.
? 6.0 6.1 6.2 Dunn, Brenda. A History of Port Royal / Annapolis Royal 1605-1800. Nimbus Publishing, p 23-24(1654 Capture of Port-Royal); p25-27;29 (the English period 1654-1670).
? 7.0 7.1 In collaboration, “MORILLON DU BOURG,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 20, 2013
? Statistics Canada defines an arpent as 0.845 acres. According to Clark (see reference page 87), "The arpent was a basic French unit of land measurement, both linear and areal, but its size at the time is uncertain. In length, 200 feet may be a rough equivalent for an arpent in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries; it was later standardized to 192 feet. An areal arpent may have been something less than an acre (the usual equivalent was .845 acres) although it has been given the equivalent of as much as an acre and a half in some twentieth century definitions."
? Charles Trahan's translations adding land holdings to 1671 Census
? Au Coeur de l'Acadie Acadian Settlement on the Annapolis River 1707 Map Parks Canada
? George MacBeath, Biography – RAZILLY, ISAAC DE – Volume I (1000-1700) – Dictionary of Canadian Biography Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 20
? William I. Roberts, 3rd, “SEDGWICK, ROBERT,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 20, 2013
1671 Acadian Census at Port Royal: Jean TERRIAU, 70, wife, Perrine RAU 60; Children (married): Claude 34, Jean 32, Bonaventure 30, Germain 25, Jeanne 27, Catherine 21; (not married): Pierre 16; cattle 6, sheep 1. Also this posted by Karen Theriot Reader, Rootsweb.com, Reader-22. Family # 15: Jehan TERRIAU, age 70 (soixante et dix ans) Living with wife Perrinne RAU, age 60. Their seven children (six of whom are married) are listed: Claude 34, Jehan 32, Bonaventure 30 [27 on own entry], Germain 25, Jeanne 27, Catherinne 21, and Pierre, 16 and single. [At the time, there were 68 families (295 persons) living in Port Royal, 392 [could it be 329?] persons in all of Acadia.] The family has 6 head of cattle and 1 sheep, with 5 arpents of workable land. Jehan is listed as "Laboureur" or Plowman.
CENSUS-DEATH: Neither Jean nor his wife Perrine appear on the 1678 census of Port Royal, Acadia.
CENSUS: 1686, Port Royal, Acadia, no listing for Jean. A Perrine BOURC, listed as "Mere," is living with this family's granddaughter Marguerite TERIO & her husband Claude LANDRY. [This is the Perrine BOURG, mother to Claude LANDRY. This is likely where the confusion over Jean's wife's surname began. Both Jean TERRIAU and his wife were probably deceased.]
Life of Jehan and Perrine Terriot in Acadia (English and Français)
JEHAN TERRIOT et PÉRINNE BREAU
Jehan est né en 1600, dans le village de
Mairtaizé région de Loudun, en France. Il
s'est marié vers le 8 mai 1632 à Périnne
Breau qui est née en 1611. Ils partirent
d'Auray le 28 juillet 1632 et arrivèrent
en Acadie le 8 septembre 1632 après un
mois et demi de navigation.
Au recensement de 1686 Jehan et Périnne
sont tous les deux décédés. Selon plusieurs
recherches Jehan serait décédé vers 1686 et
Périnne vers 1671.
LES ORIGINES (VENUS DE FRANCE)